Main Street Trader "All Wood...All Good!" 1916 Main Street
Vancouver, Washington
(360) 695-0295
Wood Furniture Finishing



FINISHING YOUR FURNITURE WITH OIL BASED PRODUCTS

Note: Remember to wear gloves and dispose of your waste properly. Spontaneous combustion in application rags is a very serious danger. Never leave application rags indoors. Dispose of rags by soaking in water and drying outdoors.

Supplies Needed:

Clean, cotton, lint-free, rags

Applicators (paint brushes and pad applicators or a cotton cloth)

Sandpaper/sanding pad (usually 220 grit and 600-grit wet/dry). In some cases you may need other grit sandpaper (150,220, 320 grit).

Non-woven hand pad (suggested)

Gloves

We use Howard’s Orange Oil or Howard’s feed-n-wax for final buffing and maintenance of the furniture.

Paint thinner for clean-up.

Surface Preparation:

We suggest that you remove hardware from your furniture for easier sanding and stain application.

If there is any chance your furniture has rain spots on it, wet the entire piece down with a damp cloth. As it dries, this will raise the grains evenly so the finished product will not be spotty.

Sand your furniture with 220 grit sanding pad (or other sanding material) only until it feels good to your touch. Too much sanding tends to close the pores of the wood and causes difficulty with the ability of the wood to accept stain.

Remove all dust by wiping with a clean, dry cloth.

Staining your Furniture: (Before you begin staining, test the color on the underside of the project. Remember that different woods accept stains differently.)

Stir stain well with a paint stick to ensure the pigment is distributed.

Divide your project into manageable sections (top, side, drawer, door).

Stain a complete section. It is essential to use liberal amounts of stain to ensure easy workability. Allow stain to penetrate for approximately 1 minutes. Wipe off the excess evenly in the direction of the grain using a clean cloth.

Allow stain to dry thoroughly.

If you desire a darker color, reapply the stain following the instruction above.

Application of Oil Based (Jel’d Kote) Top Coat: (If you are applying an oil based top coat over a water based stain, allow the furniture to dry for a minimum of 48 hours under ideal drying conditions.) If applying a top coat other than Jel’d Kote, ask for specific instructions.

Apply a thin coat of Jel’d Kote using a small lint-free clean cloth (women’s shoulder pads work well) with the gain of the wood. It is better to have several thin coats than 1-2 thick coats. We recommend a minimum of 3 coats. Additional coats may be applied to increase durability and depth. We use 5 coats on tabletops.

You may wish to lightly sand the furniture between coats with a fine sanding pad/paper or a non-woven hand pad. You will know that the top coat is dry if this creates a chalky, dry white powder.

To achieve a smooth finish, after your product has cured to optimum hardness, you may wish to “rub out” with 600-grit wet/dry sandpaper, using Howard’s Orange Oil (or similar product) as a lubricant.

To maintain your furniture, we recommend the use of Howard’s Products.

FINISHINGYOUR FURNITURE WITH PIGMENTED OIL

Note: Remember to wear gloves and dispose of your waste properly. Spontaneous combustion in application rags is a very serious danger. Never leave application rags indoors. Dispose of rags by soaking in water and drying outdoors.

Supplies Needed:

Clean, cotton, lint-free, rags

Applicators (paint brushes and pad applicators or a cotton cloth)

Sandpaper/sanding pad (usually 220 grit and 600 grit wet/dry). In some cases you may need other grit sandpaper (150, 220, 320 grit).

Gloves

We use Howard’s Feed-n-Wax or Howard’s Orange Oil for final buffing and maintenance of your furniture.

Paint thinner for clean-up.

Surface Preparation:

We suggest that you remove hardware from your furniture for easier sanding and stain application.

If there is any chance your furniture has rain spots on it, wet the entire piece down with a damp cloth. As it dries, this will raise the grains evenly so the finished product will not be spotty.

Sand your furniture with 220 grit sanding pad (or other sanding material) only until it feels good to your touch. Too much sanding tends to close the pores of the wood and causes difficulty with the ability of the wood to accept stain.

Remove all dust by wiping with a clean, dry cloth.

Applying the Pigmented Oil:

Stir pigmented oil with a paint stick before application. Make sure any sediment that is on the bottom is stirred well.

Using a brush or handi painter apply a liberal amount to the unfinished piece. Always go with the grain of the wood. At this time the piece should not appear streaked.

Allow the finish to penetrate the wood for 20-30min. If product appears to be drying during this time, apply more pigmented oil.

Using 600 grit wet/dry sandpaper, sand the pigmented oil with the grain of the wood. This will not only make your furniture smooth, but will also allow the pigmented oil to penetrate into the wood.

Immediately wipe off excess finish with a cotton cloth. (wipe with the grain of the wood)

Allow furniture to dry for 24 hours.

If your furniture is not as smooth as you like, you may use Howard’s Feed-n-Wax and apply with 600 grit wet/dry paper. This will add luster to the finish. Again, polish with the grain of the wood.

For a harder finish, use something like Howard’s Paste Wax or Bri-Wax on top of your oil finish.

FINISHING YOUR FURNITURE WITH WATER BASED PRODUCTS

Note: For best results water based products should be used in temperatures ranging between 60 and 80 degrees. Remember to wear gloves and dispose of your waste properly. Spontaneous combustion in application rags is a very serious danger. Never leave application rags indoors. Dispose of rags by soaking in water and drying outdoors.

Supplies Needed: (You may want to check out our finishing tape)

Clean, cotton, lint-free, rags

Applicators (paint brushes and pad applicators or cotton cloths)

Sandpaper/sanding pad (usually 220 grit and 600 grit wet/dry). In some cases you may need other grit sandpaper (150, 220, 320).

Non-woven hand pad (suggested)

Gloves (suggested)

We use Howard’s Orange Oil or Howard’s feed-n-wax for final buffing and maintenance of your furniture.

Surface Preparation:

We suggest that you remove hardware from your furniture for easier sanding and stain application.

Dampen the furniture with a wet cloth to raise the grain of the wood prior to initial sanding. Let dry thoroughly before sanding.

Sand your furniture with 220 grit sanding pad/paper only until it feels good to your touch. Sometimes you may need to use other grits to achieve the feel you want. Too much sanding tends to close the pores of the furniture and causes difficulty with the ability of the wood to accept stain.

Remove all dust by wiping with a clean, dry cloth. Do not use tack cloths.

Staining your Furniture: (Before you begin staining, test the color on the underside of the project. Remember that different woods accept stains differently.)

Stir stain well with a paint stick to ensure the pigment is distributed.

Divide your project into manageable sections (top, side, drawer, door).

Stain a complete section. It is essential to use liberal amounts of stain to ensure easy workability. Allow stain to penetrate for approximately 1 minutes. Wipe off the excess evenly in the direction of the grain using a clean cloth.

Allow stain to dry thoroughly.

If you desire a darker color, reapply the stain following the instruction above.

Application of Water Based Top Coat: (If you are applying an oil based top coat instead of water based, allow the furniture to dry for a minimum of 48 hours under ideal drying conditions. If you are using oil based top coat please refer to application instructions on the reverse side of this page.)

Stir the top coat well.

Apply top coat using a clean brush, cloth, or pad applicator with the gain of the wood. Do not over brush, as this product is self-leveling.

We recommend a minimum of 3 coats. Additional coats may be applied to increase durability and depth.

You may wish to lightly buff the furniture between coats with a used sanding pad/paper or a non-woven hand pad. You will know that the top coat is dry if this creates a chalky, dry white powder.

To achieve a smooth finish, after your product has cured to optimum hardness, you may wish to “rub out” with 600 grit wet/dry sandpaper, using Howard’s Orange Oils (or similar product) as a lubricant.

To maintain your furniture, we recommend the use of Howard’s Products.

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